MW: U.S. productivity left unchanged at 1.3% in fourth quarter
WASHINGTON (MarketWatch) â€” The increase in productivity among American firms and workers was left unchanged at 1.3% in the final quarter of 2016 despite a much stronger performance by manufacturers than initially reported.
The governmentâ€™s first revision of fourth-quarter productivity showed little change in output, hours worked or labor costs.
The increase in output, or how much goods and services companies produce, was raised to 2.4% from 2.2%. Hours worked rose 1% instead of 0.9%.
Productivity increases when output rises faster than hours on the job.
Unit-labor costs advanced 1.7%, the same as the government originally reported. That reflects how much it costs a business to produce one unit of output, such as a ton of coal or a bushel of wheat.
Labor costs rose in 2016 at the fastest pace in nine years, a sign companies have to pay more to employees at a time when a shrinking pool of available workers makes good help harder to find.
The only significant change in the latest report was a big increase in productivity among manufacturers. The government revised the gain to 2% from 0.7%. As a result, the increase in the industryâ€™s unit-labor costs rose a more manageable 2.4% instead of 3.3%.
The increase in third-quarter productivity, meanwhile, was revised down a few notches to 3.3% from 3.5%. All figures reflect seasonally adjusted annual rates.
Even with a healthy fourth quarter boost, productivity only rose 0.2% in 2016. Thatâ€™s the smallest gain since 2011 and maintains a post-recession trend of extremely weak increases in productivity.
Rising productivity is the key to a more vibrant economy: it allows companies to earn bigger profits and invest more while paying higher salaries to employees.
Productivity has barely risen 1% annually since 2007, compared to a 2.6% rate from 2000-2007 or 2.2% going back to the end of World War Two.